The History of pianos dates back in he Middle Ages when people started making attempts at creating string instruments. The first ever string instrument was known as hammered dulcimers. After quite a series of efforts made, in the 17th Century, the idea of stringed keyboard musical instrument came into the notice of common people. After the invention of a series of rudimentary string instruments like harpsichord and clavichord, the modern piano came into being. The full credit for this goes to Bartolomeo Cristofri of Italy, who was the Keeper of Instruments, appointed by Medici, the grand prince of Tuscany. Though the date of discovery is still unknown, the inventory created by the Medici family bears proof of the instrument existing in 1700. However, the invention of piano was followed by some extraordinary musical performance in the history. Some of the very eminent personalities in history who are known to have delivered amazing performance on their piano are Beethoven, Mozart, and Haydn. Till date, very few prominent musicians have been able to play as melodies as these personas. To add to the list, the musical compositions of the Romantics like Chopin, Liszt, Felix Mendelssohn, Johannes Brahms and Robert Schumann were made on modern pianos.
Types of Piano: Broadly, two types of pianos exist: the Grand piano and the Upright piano. Other subsidiary types are toy piano, silent piano, transposing piano, prepared piano, electric piano and digital piano. Talking about Grand pianos, they are the ruling type in the market. Known mostly for playing in orchestra and classical music, they have horizontal frame and strings. Grand pianos are available in many sizes from a gigantic Parlor Grand to a smaller Baby Grand. The reason why these pianos are preferred is because they have longer strings that produce richer sound. Furthermore, the long strings are less inharmonious.
The upright pianos, also known as vertical pianos, are much compact in build, as their strings are arranged on a vertical order. They usually posses tall frames with long strings. While a pianist will always prefer the grand piano like wine enthusiasts prefer vintage wines, the uprights ones also offer good sound with its vertical action.
Maintenance: Every piano needs a regular tuning for keeping them up to the standard pitch which is A4=440 Hz. The piano hammers are manufactured in a way that they gradually harden with time. Even other parts of the piano need proper maintenance. However, if you posses an aged piano that has got worn down, you can get it reconditioned. Secondly, if you need your piano to be shifted to some other place, it should always be done by trained movers who specialize in piano moving.
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